Surrogacy is successful for those childless couples who are not in a position to carry a pregnancy themselves, due to infertility or any other ovulation disorder.
Infertility affects more than 7 million men and women in the United States, and about 12 percent of females of childbearing age are considered infertile. Most infertile people overcome their struggle with infertility with hospital treatment, including drug or hormone therapies or surgery, but for some no quantity of medical treatment can help.
This is where surrogacy comes and works such as a miracle.
What is Surrogacy?
Surrogacy can be defined as an arrangement whereby a woman willingly agrees to carry a maternity and give birth to a baby for another couple or person.
All surrogacy arrangements involve a woman, known as a surrogate, and an individual or couple, usually called the intended parents.
The word "surrogate" means a person that functions as a substitute or replacement for another person. A surrogate mother thus is a woman who rents out her womb to another couple so that they can have their own biological baby.
The surrogate mother becomes pregnant usually by artificial insemination, using the sperm of either the intended father or a sperm donor, or surgical implantation of a fertilized egg with the intention of giving the child she becomes pregnant with to someone else to raise.
There are two basic types of surrogacy options- Full surrogacy (also referred to as Host or Gestational surrogacy) and Partial surrogacy (also known Straight or Traditional surrogacy).
Gestational surrogacy - It is the most common of type of surrogacy. In this type of arrangements are involved the intended mom and dad of the child and the surrogate mother who agrees to carry the embryo(s) made either from:
1. the egg(s) and sperm of the designed parents.
2. a donated egg fertilized with sperm from the designed father prior to implantation, via a process called in vitro fertilization or IVF.
3. an embryo created using donor eggs and donor sperm chosen by the designed parents.
In this form of surrogacy, the surrogate mother is not biologically or genetically related in any way to the unborn child.
Traditional Surrogacy - With this type of arrangement, a surrogate woman acts as both egg donor and surrogate. In this surrogacy arrangement, a traditional surrogate agrees to donate her egg(s) to end up being artificially inseminated with the sperm of either the designed father or a sperm donor. Get more information relatedto this topic, visit - IVF Clinic in Mumbai and IVF Cost.
In traditional surrogacy process, the surrogate woman is impregnated by artificial insemination or intrauterine insemination (IUI), and is genetically linked to the child she carries because her own eggs are used in the process.
These two basic types of surrogacy are more categorized into two types - commercial and altruistic.
For commercial types of surrogacy, the surrogate mother is typically paid by the intended parents to compensate her for her function as a fetus carrier. In commercial surrogacy arrangements, the intended mom and dad or individuals pay fee to the chosen surrogate in exchange of completing their dream of being mom and dad. The money is paid to the surrogate in order to cover her medical expenditures and any other pregnancy related expenditures, including travel arrangements, as well as to compensate for her time and effort.
With altruistic arrangement, the surrogate mother agrees to carry a child to maturity in her womb for another person or couple without any monetary compensation. She receives no economic reward for her pregnancy. However, she's still paid by the designed parents for all expenses related to her maternity and birth.