Need of management programs
With industries being established widely, a necessity to manage employees was felt on a widespread manner. The managers appointed for this purpose were not educated well enough to meet the requirement. Hence, a special branch namely the human resource management evolved within the management studies, which dealt with human relations. The students studying this stream are taught how to deal with the employees. This branch is now gaining importance due to unionization.
Employees being the main subjects to be managed, managers had to be well equipped with skills to deal with problems regarding people with their work. They further needed to know how to choose the right people for the job and also coach them if necessary. This led to the emergence of management studies in many universities and companies. The syllabus was based on real life experiences, made into clean classroom text. Initially the universities tried the trial and error method, the principles which worked out in the field was used for further study like the strategic management, the others like authoritarian management which showed low results in field trial were discarded.
The Different Models
The human relations management has three types of models that have been dominant since its introduction, namely the authoritative, the paternalistic and the egalitarian model. Among these three types the egalitarian model has been recognized as the best, mainly due to its holistic approach. This model uses educating the employees as the method of approaching them. This approach is based on the principle that those employees who are educated about the industry, its various functions, market, production, income and calculation of profit etc seemed to be more productive and showed interest in their work.
The Management Development Program has now started gaining more importance especially due to the achieved success through the Japanese method like Juran.with legal pressures like the ISO 9000 certificate and the Total Quality Management, the universities in United States have started taking more interest in improving the quality of management studies.
Newly appointed managers are required to know every aspect of supervising employees, thus inducing a need for quality education. This is calculated like a commodity in the human resource industry and their progress is judged by their performance. Since human relations are directly related to the productivity of the company, more and more importance is given to this branch.
Off late on the job training and even sexual harassment training is made compulsory in some companies. Mainly, due to the human rights activism and unionization, that has seen new heights of enlightenment recently. These along with the ever growing lawsuits against companies, have made the companies small and large equally to opt for management training programs.
Internet marketing and globalization has made business very competitive. For companies to strive in these competitions, leaning towards management training programs has become unavoidable. With the approach towards these studies changing by the day, more companies and universities evolve newer methods of teaching and learning human relations and human resource management. Though there are some companies which have not yet included them, they would eventually travel along with the others. Get Motivated by Top Motivational Speakers
Management trainings programs would become a necessity to every company in the future and will become even more popular, especially in the developing countries. It has a good scope in the future.