Key procedures within the area of Assisted Reproductive Technology include:
ICSI IVF (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection)
Sperm Donor IVF
Egg Donor IVF
In vitro fertilization with ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection) is a very effective method to get fertilization of eggs in the IVF lab after they have been retrieved from the female partner. IVF with ICSI involves the use of specialized micromanipulation tools and equipment and inverted microscopes that enable embryologists to select and then pick up individual sperms in a tiny specially designed hollow ICSI needle. Then the needle is carefully advanced through the outer shell of the egg and egg membrane and the sperm is then injected into the inner part (cytoplasm) of the egg. This will usually result in normal fertilization in approximately 70-85% of eggs injected with viable sperm.
Sperm Donation IVF
This is a procedure by which the egg of a female is fertilized, using artificial insemination techniques or IVF, with sperm from a healthy male that has been donated and kept frozen in a sperm bank. The resulting embryo is then implanted into the uterus where it will ideally develop into a fetus.
Egg Donation IVF
Donor egg IVF is an option for couples whose eggs will no longer fertilize and produce healthy embryos. Egg quality generally declines with advancing female age but it can occur at any age. Ovarian reserve is a measure of "egg quality" and is evaluated during the infertility workup. Egg donors are either unknown or known and may be a friend or relative.
Visit Patrick Quinn to know more about it.