About 366 million people globally are believed to have diabetes and one-third of those patients don't even know they have it. Diabetes can result in serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations. And most diabetics develop heart disease. In fact, just having diabetes carries the same risk of having a heart attack as someone who has already got such an event. As a result it is very important for patients that have diabetes to also have a physician that closely monitors and treats their cholesterol levels as well as their blood pressure. In addition, any use of tobacco products and alcoholic beverages exponentially increase the risks.
There are different kinds of diabetes. In any form of diabetes there is some underlying reason why the entire body is not able to utilize glucose (sugar) for energy, and that causes the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood create up above normal. There are three areas that are important to understand the diabetes. First, the cells in the body which use the glucose are important as they must be able to remove sugar from the blood and put it inside the cell as an energy. Subsequently, the insulin which is produced by pancreas is important to allow the sugar to enter the cell (the crucial to unlock the door to enter), and lastly, glucose which is broken down from the food or from muscle tissue and liver from a storage form of glucose called glycogen.
Varieties Of Diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and only accounts for 5-10% of diabetes patients. In type 1 diabetes the pancreas doesn't make any insulin at all.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. It accounts for 90-95% of all the cases of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, either the body doesn't make more than enough insulin or the cells in the body ignore the insulin so they can't utilize glucose like they are supposed to. When the cells ignore the insulin, as stated above, it is referred to as insulin resistance often.
Other varieties of diabetes which only account for a small number of the full cases of diabetes include gestational diabetes, which is a type of diabetes that only pregnant women get. If not treated, it can result in troubles for mothers and babies and usually disappears when the pregnancy is over. Other varieties of diabetes causing from specific genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections, and additional illnesses may account for 1% to 2% of all cases of diabetes.
How do you get diabetes?
There are risk factors that increase your chance of developing diabetes. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, actual physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity. Risk factors are less well defined for type 1 diabetes than for type 2 diabetes, but autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors are involved in establishing this type of diabetes.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
People who think they may have diabetes must visit a new physician for a diagnosis. They might have SOME or NONE of the following symptoms: frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained pounds loss, extreme hunger, sudden vision changes, tingling or numbness in hands or feet, feeling extremely tired much of the period, very dry skin, sores that are slow to heal, more infections than usual. Nausea, vomiting, or abdomen discomfort might accompany some of these symptoms in the abrupt onset of type 1 diabetes.
How diabetes is treated?
There are several things you need to do to help control the diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, Healthy eating, physical activity, and insulin shots are the basic therapies. The amount of insulin taken must be balanced with food intake and daily activities. For patients with type 1 diabetes, blood glucose levels must be monitored through frequent blood glucose tests closely.
For type 2 diabetes, healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose tests are the basic therapies. In addition, many people with type 2 diabetes require oral medication, insulin, or both to control their blood glucose levels.
When the blood sugar is too high, doctor refers to it as hyperglycemia. When blood sugar is too high, one might not knowledge any symptoms, but the high levels of glucose in blood is causing damage to blood organs and vessels.
When blood sugar is too low, doctor refers to it as hypoglycemia. Having low blood sugar can be very dangerous and patients taking medication for diabetes should watch for symptoms of low blood sugar. It is also important that one should monitor the blood sugar regularly to avoid both low as well as high blood sugar.
What happens if diabetes is not controlled?
The complications of diabetes can be devastating. Both forms of diabetes prospect to high blood sugar levels ultimately, a condition called hyperglycemia. The damage that hyperglycemia causes to the entire body is intensive and includes:
Damage to the retina from diabetes (diabetic retinopathy) is a leading result in of blindness.
Diabetes predisposes people to high blood pressure and high triglyceride and cholesterol levels. These and together with hyperglycemia increase the risk of heart disease independently, kidney disease, and additional blood vessel complications.
Damage to the nerves in the autonomic nervous system can business lead to paralysis of the abdomen (gastroparesis), chronic diarrhea, and an inability to control heart blood and rate pressure with posture changes.
Damage to the kidneys from diabetes (diabetic nephropathy) is a leading result in of kidney failure.
Damage to the nerves from diabetes (diabetic neuropathy) is a leading result in of lack of normal sensation in the foot, which can business lead to wounds and ulcers, and all too to foot and leg amputations frequently.
Diabetes accelerates atherosclerosis or "hardening of the arteries", and the formation of fatty plaques inside the arteries, which can business lead to blockages or a clot (thrombus), which can business lead to heart attack then, stroke, and decreased circulation in the arms and legs (peripheral vascular disease).
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